In eternity, God is unapproachable. For suppose God speaks to you, as He did to Moses, say. Immediately, not by any philosophical subtlety but simply by the meaning of the term “action” such as the action of speaking, God is brought into time. There is, for Him and you, the time before the speech, during the speech, and after the speech.

Any providential act tears God away from eternity and situates Him in the here and now of the senses.

In addition, in eternity, God does not act, because He is perfectly happy. He lives without care. He enjoys “every” singular “moment” of His “simultaneously-whole and perfect possession of interminable life.”

The moment God pays attention to what is going on in out little corner of the world, He must cease to be perfectly happy. Further, God’s love is perfect. Hence, as long as we humans are miserable, God is at the very least “concerned.” He is not indifferent to what happens to us. He “roots” for us and acts to guide the world into something acceptable. There are potentialities God considers, finds not to His liking, and prevents with careful action, such as moving a person’s will. He, like humans, distinguishes between good and bad outcomes and prefers the good to the bad. God, too, chooses.

God feels for us. He lacks nothing at first glance, yet as long as we exist, He misses His pre-creation carefree days. God is burdened by the weight of His crown. He lacks the state of affairs in which we humans are perfectly virtuous. God would be straightforwardly happier, if we were.

Now of course, this is fully our fault; God cannot be implicated in anyone’s corruption. Nevertheless, He wishes we were better people, and may even feel powerless to help. With all the evil in the world, surely, we must accept this limitation on God.

Moreover, the world is intricately interconnected. Individual human actions affect other humans. If God, in regard to His Providence, is a utilitarian or at least a utilitarian with respect to virtue, moral goodness, seeking to maximize it, then sometimes Smith’s lesser virtue may be traded off for Jones’s greater virtue. This is yet another limitation.

In short, God is not putting on a show, a movie with a “happy end” assured. There is fear, uncertainty, and doubt for all concerned.


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