There are 4 temperaments and 2 pre-temps related as follows:
The following are the functions of each temperament:
|From the Ruler||Unto the Ruled|
|Protection of Society|
|General lawmaking||Particular case before a judge|
The ruler principle is higher than the ruled principle. For example, it may be asked: Can a judge condemn (perhaps, by secretly withholding evidence) an innocent man in order to deter crime? The answer is that an innocent man broke no law and is good according to the higher principle. Therefore, he cannot be punished according to the lower one.