There are 4 temperaments and 2 pre-temps related as follows:

Ruler Ruled
Artisan Monster
Rational Barely Human
Idealist Guardian

The following are the functions of each temperament:

From the Ruler Unto the Ruled
Protection of Society
Self-defense Condemnation
Deterrence
General lawmaking Particular case before a judge
Moral Improvement
Rehabilitation Retribution

The ruler principle is higher than the ruled principle. For example, it may be asked: Can a judge condemn (perhaps, by secretly withholding evidence) an innocent man in order to deter crime? The answer is that an innocent man broke no law and is good according to the higher principle. Therefore, he cannot be punished according to the lower one.


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