Here is how it all fits together:
A model of the human soul.
|Crown||Violet||Speculative reason: Judgment concerning the truth||Wisdom||Wisdom|
|Brow||Indigo||Speculative reason: Apprehension of the truth||Understanding||Understanding|
|Solar Plexus||Yellow||Irascible passions (active, i.e., those that are defensive, such as anger and hope)||Fortitude||Fortitude|
|Spleen||Orange||Concupiscible passions (passive, i.e., those that are instinctively attracted to pleasure and flee from pain)||Temperance||None|
|Root||Red||Vegetative soul (lifeforce)||Fear of the law||Fear|
The top 3 virtues are intellectual; the bottom 4 or 5 are moral. Prudence resides in the intellect but its purpose is to serve self-interest, to discover means to its possessor’s ends, and to reason morally. Hence prudence is formally intellectual but moral with respect to its final cause.
|Virtue||Accompanied By||Some Deadly Sins|
|Fortitude||Safety, imperviousness to harm||Anger, presumption, ambition, vainglory|
|Fear of the law||Survival||Despair|
Is it an accident that there are 8 beatitudes?
|Virtue||Beatitude (Mt 5:3-10), blessed are…|
|Wisdom||7, the peacemakers|
|Understanding||6, the pure in heart|
|Knowledge||2, those who mourn|
|Prudence||5, the merciful|
|Justice||3, the meek|
|Fortitude||4, those who hunger and thirst for righteousness|
|Temperance||8, those who are persecuted because of righteousness|
|Fear of the law||1, the poor in spirit|